Definition of Sprint Retrospective:
A retrospective in Scrum is a meeting after the completion of a sprint in order to discuss whether the sprint was successful and to identify areas of improvement for the next sprints.
Use of Sprint Retrospectives:
The Scrum team holds a retrospective meeting at the end of each iteration to briefly analyze this last sprint and identify one or two improvement ideas for the team to address in the next sprint.
The goal of the retrospective is to focus on specific actions the team can take towards their goal of continuous improvement (Kaizen) and not to conduct an extensive post-mortem. Retrospective meetings typically consist of data gathering, data analysis, and action items (areas of improvement for the next sprint).
Conduct and Responsibility of the Retrospective:
The retrospective is usually led by the Scrum Master. The Scrum Master's task is to create a positive and constructive framework for the meeting in which all team members have an equal say. He can experiment with various formats to find out which best serve the team while also providing variety and inspiration. The focus is on ensuring that the meeting remains goal-oriented and produces concrete, actionable steps.
Benefits of Sprint Retrospectives:
- Teams learn from mistakes and collaborate together to improve future sprints.
- Improvements can be quickly included into the process.
- Motivate the team to find solutions to their problems.
- Reduce frustration and stress.
- The continuous improvement process leads to better value for customer.
- The team becomes empowered.
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