Product Backlog

Definition of Product Backlog:

A product backlog is the list of requirements requested by the customer and prioritized by the Product Owner. The product backlog is not a ‘to-do’ list; rather, it is a list of all the features the customer has requested be included in the project. The Scrum team uses the product backlog to prioritize features and decide which ones to implement in upcoming sprints.

Use of the Product Backlog:

The product owner is responsible for prioritizing Items in the product backlog, referred to as Product Backlog Items (PBIs). The development team pulls the highest-priority PBIs from the product backlog to complete during each sprint. The product owner changes and re-prioritizes the backlog throughout the project development process as needed.

The Product Backlog

Synonyms for Product Backlog:


Benefits of the Product Backlog:

  • It communicates the priority of Product Backlog Items.
  • Allows for longer term planning.
  • Ensures the customer needs are being heard.
  • Allows team members to pull highest-priority items as needed (in Kanban teams).

Product Owner Trainings

=> Become a Certified Scrum Product Owner

How to create a Product Goal

=> The Product Goal Canvas helps you in defining your product


Photo of Sohrab Salimi

Sohrab Salimi

Scrum Academy GmbH

Sohrab is a long-standing Certified Scrum Trainer (CST) and CEO of the Scrum Academy GmbH based in Cologne. He is a trained medical doctor and worked for Bain & Company as a consultant and as a CIO at SE-Consulting, among others, before founding the Scrum Academy. As a consultant and trainer, he has been supporting companies from a wide range of industries for over a decade on topics related to agile transformation, innovation and organizational development.

Related articles

Roles in Scrum

Learn about the most essential roles in Scrum and what their purpose is! We give you a quick overview and deeper insights into every scrum role!

Events and Artifacts of Scrum

Learn about the artifacts and rituals of Scrum. In our Agile Foundations you will learn more about the most essential things in Scrum and Agile!


Learn more about Scrum Artifacts and what every artifact means in the sprint and for the scrum team. Agile Academy Dictionary gives you the answers!